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Geography is a subject packed with excitement which explores the world and helps us to better understand its people, places and environments. It helps us to understand why and how places are changing and gives us a better understanding of the world around us. 


The aims of Geography are:

  • To inspire in pupils about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.
  • To provide pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments.
  • To develop a growing knowledge about the world to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments.
  • To obtain Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills.
  • To enable children to learn and explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.


As they move through the school, our pupils will learn to: 


Y1 and Y2

  • Locate the world's 7 continents and 5 oceans.  
  • Name and locate the 4 countries in the United Kingdom and know what their capital is.
  • Discuss similarities and differences between their own lives and those of someone in a non European country (Australia) 
  • Identify weather patterns. 
  • Use simple compass directions- North, South, East and West. 
  • Use simple fieldwork to understand the geography of the school and the local area. 
  • Use phrases such as : beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, season, weather, city, town, village, house, and shop.


Y3 and Y4

  • Locate countries in Europe using maps.
  • Identify key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers).
  • Identify the position and significance of Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Arctic and Antarctic Circle.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region in a European country.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle.
  • Use the eight points of a compass.


Y5 and Y6

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region within North or South America.
  • Locate North and South America and the countries within those continents.
  • Locate the major cities in North and South America.
  • Identify and discuss the key physical and human characteristics of North and South America
  • Describe and understand key aspects of human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
  • Use four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build my knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night).


  • St Hilda's CE (VA) Primary School
  • Whittaker Lane, Prestwich, Manchester, Lancashire, M25 1HA
  • Email:
  • 0161 7986227